Fifty years ago, life expectancy, education, and GDP in East Asia and the Pacific were well below the global average. Today, the region is almost unrecognizable. It’s home to some of the world’s largest financial centers, most innovative tech hubs, and fastest high-speed trains. For decades, Japan and the Four Asian Tigers (Hong Kong, Singapore, South Korea, and Taiwan) led the region economically, but today no country compares to China, whose economic success is now driving even greater geopolitical ambitions. With China rising and other Asian economies continuing to grow, this region commands our attention—because what happens here will affect the rest of the world.