The Americas make up almost all of the Western Hemisphere, from the Arctic tundra all the way down to the Antarctic Peninsula. The region is home to powerful economies and vibrant democracies. However, many countries in the region experience democratic backsliding—the erosion or total elimination of political institutions that are meant to guarantee democratic principles and freedoms. This breakdown in governance has fueled conflicts, including a humanitarian crisis in Venezuela and rampant crime in Central America. In turn, violence and poverty have pushed millions to flee their countries to seek refuge and economic opportunities abroad, often in the United States.