What Tools Do Foreign Policymakers Have at Their Disposal?
Learn how leaders use political, economic, and military measures to further their countries’ interests.
What Are Economic Sanctions?
Learn how countries use punitive economic measures to advance their foreign policy priorities.
What Is Economic Statecraft?
Learn why China lends billions of dollars each year and the implications for recipient countries.
What Is Trade Policy?
Explore how countries leverage their economic power to advance their national interests.
What Is Armed Force?
Learn how countries pursue their foreign policy objectives through military action.
What Is Deterrence?
Learn how countries dissuade bad behavior with the threat of significant punishment.
What Is Arms Control?
Learn how countries try to regulate the world’s most powerful weapons.
What Is Nation-Building?
Developing political, economic, security, and social institutions across borders is a complex business.
How Do Countries Select Their Foreign Policy Tools?
Explore how American policymakers have used different tools over the past century of relations with Japan.